Climate Change: Have we left it too late?

Our environment is sacred due to the concept that we rely on the balance of nature to ensure our survival. Climate change has always been a primal topic becoming more of a concern as the years has progressed. It seems the more in which humanity becomes comfortable with our daily routine lives the more biodiversity on Earth has been the ultimate sacrifice. The most worrying concern is the ignorance and collective disbelief that radiates through governments and social media. For many years scientists and activists have forewarned the troubling times ahead, with substantial scientific data to support the cause. However, at this stage data is not needed, the effects of climate change have already begun to embed our planet leading to forewarned changes. 

Where do we stand now with Co2 Emissions?

Since 1960, Co2 emissions have consistently risen with no evidence of it being slowed down. However, 2020 has shown promise primarily due to COVID 19. The pandemic temporarily changed our daily habits and routines. In return, the stats show a significant decrease in carbon emission thought to be around 5.8% according to the IEA. This is mostly due to the demand dropping by 4%, which is the lowest per cent decline since World War II. Essentially this is equivalent to removing all European unions emissions from the world total. What this shows is not really promising, the demand on the Co2 emission was in less demand due to country restrictions, they are only low because of the way in which humanity was forced to live. As the world begins to find its footing, global Co2 emissions will be set to rise again towards increasing figures in 2021/22. However, what this does show is the impact humanity has on Earth. Global-wide changes and converting to renewable energy can have a drastic positive effect on our global environment. 

This graph, based on the comparison of atmospheric samples contained in ice cores and more recent direct measurements, provides evidence that atmospheric CO
2 has increased since the Industrial Revolution. (Credit: Luthi, D., et al.. 2008; Etheridge, D.M., et al. 2010; Vostok ice core data/J.R. Petit et al.; NOAA Mauna Loa CO2 record.)

The effects on biodiversity

Biodiversity is the biological variety and variability of life on Earth. Biodiversity is a measure of variation at the genetic, species, and ecosystem level.
The idea of protecting all diverse life on our planet is key to our own survival. It is obvious that C02 emissions are part of the problem, however, currently to ensure our way of life stays the same means more land is required to combat the demanding population needs. Nature naturally tends to find its balance even when manipulated. The worry is that the balance may mean creating an environment to which humanity will be unable to adapt towards. Currently, there are 50,000 acres of forests being cleared worldwide every day. In fact, the Amazon basin alone loses up to 10,000 area sized football fields daily. In 2018 alone Russia has seen a loss of 5,6 million hectares of tree cover closely followed by Brazil with 3 million hectares.
It would be easy to say stop cutting trees down and let the forest regenerate to build up the diverse life that once flourished in these forests. However, unfortunately, it is our demand for products that essentially drive this mass land loss. For example, palm oil is a versatile oil and due to this, it becomes an essential ingredient in most products like lipstick, detergents, biodiesel, soap, margarine, chocolate, instant noodles, the list goes on. Palm oil is extracted from a fruit grown on oil palm trees scientifically known as Elaeis guineesis. Because of the demand for this oil, forests are being flattened to grow these selected trees. Some may say that replacing a tree with a tree is not a bad thing. However, doing this disrupts biodiversity. Life sets up home in specific trees, other life will feed on that life. The whole eco-balance of nature is then disrupted. Already habitats have already been destroyed leaving animals like the Orangatang, Pygmy Elephant and the Sumatran rhino as endangered species. The forest loss followed by conversions of carbon-rich peat soils is throwing out millions of tonnes of greenhouse gases adding a major contribution to climate change.

These are just a few contributions to climate change. Protecting our natural areas and reducing emission released into our atmosphere will hopefully save our planet from warming any further. However, this would require a lot of commitment from all countries working closely together with a set target in mind. For this to happen worldwide governments would need to be in favour of working towards reducing emissions, deforestation and even targeting the fishing industry. Although, any sign of threat to the economy or billionaire business corporations tends to lead to a dismissal in the cause. To strengthen our understanding working with scientists that study and analyse the data is key to knowing our next step forward. However, once again there seems to be much distrust among the public and scientific understanding. This has recently been highlighted with vaccines, many refusing to trust the vaccine. This idiosyncratic ideology is what sets humanity apart, the science around climate change and vaccine for that matter are thorough focusing on scientific values. Globally we all need to be correlated with the same understanding without the propaganda.

Future climate change projection if nothing changes

Firstly global temperatures are set to rise distinctly adding strain to the poles causing many major cities to flood due to sea levels rising 1-8 feet by 2100. Currently, since reliable records of sea levels began in 1880, sea levels have risen by 8 inches. Leading on from this, certain areas globally will become much warmer predicted between 2-6 degrees centigrade by 2100. Climate change models also predict that intense rainstorms will become even more intense leading to more mass flooding and erosion. 


Climate change has a tipping point, once global influences cause the climate to tip there is no reversing the consequences. For example, the ice melting in the poles leads to a dark black ocean which will continuously absorb more heat leading to warmer seas disrupting global weather and biodiverse habitats. It is important to remember that 50-80% of the oxygen we breathe comes from the oceans. The majority of this production comes from plankton, plants, algae and photosynthesising bacteria. If the habitat of these species becomes disrupted we may begin to lose our oxygen consumption. 

Keeping nature in balance is key, we are here to share this planet, not to dominate. In the end, it will be humanity that suffers. Humanity tends to leave things until the last moment, let us make sure this does not happen this time around before it is too late to reverse the damage.

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